Home / Наука / Ученые изобрели способ хранения солнечной энергии на протяжении 100 лет

Ученые изобрели способ хранения солнечной энергии на протяжении 100 лет

Ученые уже давно пугают человечество энергетическим кризисом. И в самом деле — запасы нефти, газа, каменного угля и других полезных ископаемых не являются бесконечными и не восстанавливаются природой.

Но у человечества есть Солнце. Количество его энергии, которое получает наша планета за один час весьма велико. Примерно столько все человечество тратит энергии за год на все свои потребности.

Однако проблема сохранения и преобразования этой энергии еще не решена. Конечно, солнечные батареи применяются в космосе или, но суммарное количество вырабатываемое всеми подобными батареями несоизмеримо мало по сравнению с потребностями человечества.

Студент-химик Андерс Бо Сков из Копенгагенского университета, совместно с единомышленниками, под руководством профессора Моргенса Бренстеда Нильсена сделали крупный шаг в направлении избавления человечества от энергетической зависимости.

Научной группе удалось добиться того, что объемные молекулы, способные поглощать крупные порции солнечной энергии, начали отдавать ее в нужный момент при определенном воздействии. Срок хранения энергии в таких молекулах, по утверждениям ученых, достигает ста лет.

По прогнозам, созданные учеными молекулы вытеснят литий-ионные аккумуляторы, знакомые всем в частности по мобильным телефонам. Станут с развитием технологий полноценной заменой автомобильным аккумуляторам.
Таким образом, ученые дают свой ответ на мрачный прогноз энергетического коллапса вследствие опустошения запасов полезных ископаемых.

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56 комментариев

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